Women experience lower abdominal pain on a regular basis, and this can be extremely debilitating for many. The pain is often referred to as a ‘cramp’ and is caused by the muscle tissue on the sides of the abdomen being pulled down, creating a deep pain that radiates down the leg. This can occur when there is weight gain or loss, pregnancy, and aging. Although it is difficult to avoid lower abdominal pain, there are many ways to treat it. The most important thing that a woman needs to do is to find out the cause of her lower abdominal pain and get treatment as soon as possible.
One common cause for lower abdominal pain is pregnancy. Many women experience lower abdominal pain in the early stages of their pregnancy because of hormonal changes that accompany each pregnancy. It is important to speak with your doctor if you experience lower abdominal pain, bleeding, or pain in the upper half of your abdomen at this time. Your doctor will likely recommend that you wait and monitor your condition before deciding on treatment options. Many women find that just by reducing the amount of stress they have, the symptoms go away. Avoiding caffeine and alcohol is very important during this time as well.
A different type of abdominal pain, referred to as hip pain, occurs in many women after they have given birth. This can stem from the muscle spasms that are associated with giving birth. In addition, many women find that they experience sharp pains in their lower back, buttocks, and ribs. Left untreated, hip pain can lead to more serious conditions such as sciatica. In most cases, relief is found in non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, pain medications, and heat packs or ice packs.
Another common cause for lower abdominal pain is gynecological disorders. Common disorders include endometriosis and cysts. Endometriosis occurs when tissue implants in the uterine lining and causes the growth of uterine tissue in places other than the uterus. Cysts occur during menstrual cycles and are caused by hormonal changes, infection, or injury.
The most commonly prescribed medication for lower abdominal pain in women both sides are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. These medications help to reduce inflammation, which helps to provide some relief from lower abdominal pain. As with other medications, side effects can include nausea, drowsiness, difficulty breathing, vomiting, and stomach cramps. Some NSAIDs, like naproxen, may also cause bone loss.
The treatment of lower abdominal pain in women both sides depends upon the underlying cause of the condition. To determine the best course of treatment, patients should be evaluated by a medical professional to determine the underlying cause. Pain-relieving medications are usually the first course of action. If surgery is needed, it will usually be performed by a gastroenterologist.