Women who are infertile often have a hard time conceiving, no matter how much they want to conceive. Infertility is defined as when a woman is not able to conceive a child despite trying for over a year with no positive results. The difficulty in conceiving can relate to many factors including ovulation cycles, age, race and a woman’s personal health. While infertility cannot be avoided, it may include different types of fertility treatments available to improve the odds of conception.
One type of treatment is in vitro fertilization or IVF. In this procedure, a fertility specialist, such as a gynecologist, performs several diagnostic tests on women who are infertile in order to determine if she does not have adenomyosis, a condition that may affect her fertility. Once detected, treatment can begin immediately. One common test used is called an imaging test, which involves taking pictures of the fallopian tubes to see if scar tissue has formed and if the eggs are moving.
Another diagnostic test used to determine the condition of the fallopian tube is an ultrasound. When the egg is released from the ovary, it travels down the fallopian tube and then to the uterus. An ultrasound provides a visual image of where the egg is located and where it is expected to end up. An imaging test also may include testing the pH level of the surrounding fluid in the uterus and in the fallopian tubes. These tests help the doctor to diagnose possible scarring and blockages, which may affect the success of conception.
Many women who are infertile also have ovarian tumors. If a woman has an ovarian tumor, it is surgically removed or the fertility drugs used to treat it are prescribed. The removal of the ovarian tumors prevents the production of estrogen in the body and thereby may stop ovulation. This makes conception difficult. Treatment for fertility drugs usually requires repeated courses of medication.
Fertility problems can affect women of any age. Women with chronic illness, such as endometriosis, polycystic ovaries or PCOS, may be more likely to have infertility. Other factors that may increase the risk of infertility include smoking, drinking, being obese or having menopause. Smoking is a significant risk factor for ovulation and for overall fertility, while excessive drinking may reduce a woman’s fertility.
If a couple is considering fertility treatment or are having fertility issues, a fertility specialist is a great resource. He or she can provide valuable information about how to conceive and how to deal with infertility. A fertility specialist can provide alternative treatments for women who are infertile or help them manage their fertility treatments. A fertility specialist has years of experience treating infertility and is an excellent source for advice on how to conceive. Infertile couples should never leave it up to chance or try to address their infertility on their own.