Women who are infertile often have a hard time conceiving, no matter how much they want to conceive. Infertility is defined as when a woman is not able to conceive a child despite trying for over a year with no positive results. The difficulty in conceiving can relate to many factors including ovulation cycles, age, race and a woman’s personal health. While infertility cannot be avoided, it may include different types of fertility treatments available to improve the odds of conception.
One type of treatment is in vitro fertilization or IVF. In this procedure, a fertility specialist, such as a gynecologist, performs several diagnostic tests on women who are infertile in order to determine if she does not have adenomyosis, a condition that may affect her fertility. Once detected, treatment can begin immediately. One common test used is called an imaging test, which involves taking pictures of the fallopian tubes to see if scar tissue has formed and if the eggs are moving.
Another diagnostic test used to determine the condition of the fallopian tube is an ultrasound. When the egg is released from the ovary, it travels down the fallopian tube and then to the uterus. An ultrasound provides a visual image of where the egg is located and where it is expected to end up. An imaging test also may include testing the pH level of the surrounding fluid in the uterus and in the fallopian tubes. These tests help the doctor to diagnose possible scarring and blockages, which may affect the success of conception.